Yes we use the same words but they do not mean to us what the English dictionary states that they mean.
Heaven- we do say things like "for the sake of heaven " "for the love of heaven"
This is not a place or location or an afterlife location.
It is more like the presents of G-d. "for the sake of G-d"
We do not have a heaven. Heaven is not mentioned in our books. Heaven is not our after life. Our after life is Olam Habah (the world to come) Which is when all soul will be back in their body and we will be in G-d present on earth to rejoice in him.
Angels- Angels are messengers who are sent to tell a message to someone, like Daniel or Abraham.
They are not guardians to human to stay on earth and look out for us or protect us.
In the Hebrew Bible, a messiah (or mashiach) is a king or High Priest traditionally anointed with holy anointing oil. It is used for every high
priest and king. So it is not a special word as the Greeks turned it into with their translations.
Messiah was an everyday term and did not mean savior. But a king or a priest.
Which is why saying Jesus is a messiah would not be correct because he was not a king or a high priest. Jews do not have a word for savior because we didn't need one.
ʾehyeh ʾašer ʾehyeh
in most English Bibles, this phrase is rendered as I am that I am.
Ehyeh asher ehyeh literally translates as "I Will Be What I Will Be",
Satan- not an ex angel who rebelled against G-d and is now a devil, who does evil on earth.
Satan is actually used many times in the Tanakh, and it means an adversary, obstacle or stumbling block. In Judaism Satan is an agent of G-d, created by G-d for a specific purpose, and something very good. Satan is simply an agent of G-d, just as all the other angels are simply agents of G-d
Sin- The Hebrew word for sin is "chet," which literally means "missing the mark."
It is not something that will send you to fire pit forever and ever. So when others say something is a sin I always laugh. "Your beliefs have no power over me and how I live my life" Only my beliefs and the Jewish religion count when it comes to what I think is right or wrong.
Salvation- If you look at every time the word is used in the Hebrew scriptures you will see it always applies to a political or physical danger. Salvation can be seen because it is not physical not spiritual